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The Bund

2018/6/3 16:51:21269 People viewed this article

The Bund is once a river bend stretching several hundred meters along Huangpu River in the former International Settlement in the central Shanghai, and the road along the river was renamed as Zhongshan Dong Yi Road (Zhongshan East One Road). Now the Bund usually refers to the buildings and wharves on this section of the road, as well as some adjacent areas. It is a landmark landscape not to be missed by every tourist visiting Shanghai.

 

The word “Bund” means an embankment or an embanked quay. The word comes from the Persian word band, through Hindustani, meaning an embankment, levee or dam.

 

At the beginning of the 19th century, this area was a mere shallow waterfront covered with reeds. As the result of Opium War in the 1840s, Shanghai became one of the 5 Treaty Ports. Thus the Bund area became the site of the foreign settlements – in fact, at that time, this area was the heart of the foreign Concession in Shanghai. The Bund area has experienced 3 comprehensive transformations since 1846 when the first building with veranda erected. Many imposing buildings were erected in this area to house banks, financial institutes, giant corporations and consulates. Now the buildings in this area mainly built In 1920s and 1930s. The present exotic building clusters just took its shape in 1930s. In 1930s, it has become the Wall Street in the Far East.

 

Over the past century, the Bund has always been a key landmark of Shanghai. Known as the “Gallery of World Architecture”, this imposing neighbourhoods boasts many buildings in a line. They are variety of styles, ancient and modern, western and Chinese. But their architectural tones and profiles create a stunningly harmonious picture, and form a grand, impressive skyline. With the integration of fashion and modern flavor, buildings on the Bund are telling us fabulous stories of the past century more than ever.

 

Among all of these buildings, it is said the most beautiful building is the giant building for the Hongkong Shanghai Banking Corporation in the past. (Now it is for the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank.) This building was built in 1923 and it is the first building with cold air conditioning in the Far East. This building is said the “finest building to be found anywhere where between the Suez Canal and the Bering Strait.”

 

When night falls, all the lofty buildings along the Bund, outlined with beautiful artistic lights, looked like a giant Crystal Palace, present a special charm. 

 

On the waterfront where docks used to occupy, a promenade was built to prevent the city from flood and offer tourists a wide walkway to enjoy the picturesque scenery and to relax here. In the morning, we can find many local people do their body exercises here and at night, many lovers date here to make good of the romantic surroundings.

 

Beyond its magnificence, majesty and greatness normally known, the Bund could also be artistic and spiritual, embodying a unique lifestyle. Hidden in these hundred-year-old historic architectures are boutique hotels of extreme creativities, modern art galleries of diversified themes, local original stores designed by famous brands and high-end restaurants with a commanding view of landscapes, all of which are endowed with well-designed force, waiting for an encounter with you. Such original and ingenious ideas surely have brought some fresh vigor to the Bund. 

 

It’s time to slow down your pace, trying to feel the romantic Bund overflowing with its sense of historical and modern design. 

 

Architectures on The Bund

Part 1, To the south of Yan’an Road: 

 

1) No.22 On The Bund

Add: 22 Zhongshan (E2) Road, 

Architecture sketch:

Completed in 1906 and designed by Messrs. Davies & Thomas Civil Engineers and Architects, it is the only architecture with inner balconies designed on each layer on the Bund. 

Legends in the old days: It used to be the office building of Butterfield & Swire, an old British firm and one of the most influential business institutions in Modern China. 

New Style today: After three years of renovation, it becomes a new fashion landmark gathering many boutique stores, customizing fashions, wedding service companies, jewelries and high-heeled shoes.

Overview of highlights: It’s home to el Willy, currently one of the most popular Spanish restaurants in Shanghai, not to mention Brix Pub built in the style of Bavarian beer house and the Italian restaurant BOCCA where you could have a panoramic view of all the landscapes of Huangpu River. 

 

2) Shanghai Municipal Archives 

Add: 9 Zhongzhan (E2) Road

www.archives.sh.cn

Open Hour: 09:00-17:00 (closed on Sunday), 

free entry,

Architecture sketch:

Completed in 1939, it used to be the first modern business building on the French Bund. 

Architecture Style: Modernism style

Legends in the old days: Originally owned by “Messageries Maritimes”, it was also called Messageries Maritimes Building on the French Bund after its completion. 

New Style today: It was opened to the public as “Shanghai Municipal Archives” in 2004, where you could see the exhibitions and personally check up these old archives.

Overview of highlights: At the permanent exhibition Memories of A City - Exhibition of Historic Development Archives of Shanghai in Modern Times, you will see more than 600 pieces of archives fully presented to visitors the development course of the city in the past nearly 200 years, not to mention the live-action model of the Bund built at a ratio of 1:200 based on the real architectures on the Bund.

Tips: Before leaving you could enjoy a coffee break downstairs at the café, recollecting the pleasant flavor of bringing about by these cultural relics.

 

3) The Gutzlaff Signal Tower

Add: 1A Zhongshan (E2) Road

History:

Completed in 1907 as the Gutzlaff Signal Tower, Reconstructed from original wooden structure of 1884.

In 1965, Used by Bund Water Police Station under Shanghai Shipping Public Security Bureau.

In 1990s, 26m southward translation to its present location.

Architecture Style: Atonobo-Style. 

Designer: Marti Guixe

Past Glories:

About 50m high, upon its completion, then the highest on the Bund.
The first successfully protected memorial building on the Bund in Shanghai. 

There are only two Atonobo-Style signal towers in the world, the other is in Norway.

 

Part 2, To the north of Yan’an Road:

 

1) Shanghai Telecom Museum 

Add: 34 Yan’an East Road

Shtelecom.xinmin.cn/dxbwg

Open Hour: 09:30-12:00, 13:00-16:30 (Sat & Sun), 

free entry,

Architecture sketch:

Completed in 1922, and designed by Messrs. Davies & Thomas Civil Engineers and Architects. 

Architecture Style: Neoclassical style.

Legends in the old days: Initially named as “Telegraph Building” and as earliest telecom enterprise established by foreign capitals to engage in the laying of submarine cable in China, it was built by Danish Great Northern Telegraph Company.

New Style today: It was opened to the public as “Shanghai Telecom Museum” in 2010, showing the telecom world of Shanghai since the first telegraph wire was firstly introduced into China in 1871. 

Overview of highlights: Rotational folder is a treasure of the museum by which telephone operators made number searching in the past, and the approach of number searching was still in use in 1989 since it was used in 1920s.

 

2) Asia Building

Add: 1 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History

Completed in 1915, named as McBain Building. 

In 1917, Becoming Asia Building, rented by Asiatic Petroleum Co. 

In 1950, Used by East China Petroleum Company.

In 1990s, Used by China Pacific insurance Company HQ

Architecture Style: Style of Neoclassicism

Designer: Moorhead & Halse

 

3) Waldorf Astoria Shanghai On The Bund (Originally Shanghai Club of British Expats)

Add: 2 Zhongshan (E2) Road

History

Completed in 1910, Became Shanghai Club, a luxurious club for British Expats.

In 1956, used by the International Seamen Club;

In 1971, Reconstructed as Dongfeng Hotel, where the first KFC;

In 2010, used by Waldorf Astoria, the first of this brand in Asia; 

Architecture Style: Style of Renaissance of UK Classicism

Designer: Moorhead & Halse 

Past Glories:

A 34m-long bar counter made of Italian mrble, once the longest in the Far East.

The facade of the 6th floor with distorted mansard roof, then the first of its kind in Shanghai.

Overview of highlights

1F Long Bar, Return to original charms, addition to fine wines, cigar and fresh oyster are also featured delicacies.

1F Salon de Ville, Preferred afternoon tea, 

 5F Wei jing Ge, Antique Chinese attic layout, providing you with Shanghai and Cantonese dishes.

 

4) Three On The Bund (originally Union Building)
Add: 4 Zhangshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1916, Becoming Union Building, co-constructed by Dadwell, Carlill & Co and others; 

In 1936, Becoming Mercantile Bank of India Building, used by Mercantile Bank of India Ltd., One of the earliest foreign-funded banks in Shanghai; 

In 1950s, Shanghai Civil Design Institute; 

In 2004, Reconstructed to Three on the Bund, a place for fashions, arts and foods.

Architecture Style: Style of Eclecticism 

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time. 

Past Glories:

China’s first steel structure building.

The first work by Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

Overview of highlights

1F MCM, A German-based high-quality luxurious fashion store,

3F Shanghai Gallery of Art, One of the most influential vanguard galleries for contemporary Chinese Art,

5F Whampoa Club, Creative Cantonese dishes under modern decoration, 

6F Mercto, Italian style restaurant with coastal charms and primitive atmosphere, 

7F New Heights, European continental dishes and Southeast Asian dishes with super-large veranda.

 

5) Bund 5 (originally Nisshin Kisen Kalsha Building)

Add: 5 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1925, Becoming Nisshin Kisen Kalsha Building, headquartered by Japan-China Steamship Co./Nisshin Krisen Kaisha

In 1950s, Office building of China Merchants S.N.Co.; 

In 1996, Used by Hua Xia Bank;

In 2006, Reconstructed to Bund 5 integrated with fashions and foods.                              Architecture Style: Style of Recent Western in Japan

Designer: Lester, Johnson & Morriss 

Overview of highlights 

6F The Glamour Bar, Taste a cup of fashion cocktail against the mirror bar counter,

7F M on the Bund, European continental style food highly appreciated by celebrates, M Pavlova is a must. 

 

6) Bund 6 (originally China Merchants Bank Building)

Add: 6 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History:

Completed in 1897, Used by China Merchants Bank, the first China-funded bank by Mr. Sheng Xuanhuai; 

In 1956, Used by Yangtze Ship Co. and it is adjacent to Yuanfang Lane, so it is also called Maitland & Co. Building; 

In 2006, Reconstructed to Bund 6, integrating with fashions, foods and bars.

Architecture Style: Style of UK Gothic

Designer: Morrison (Messrs, Scott & Carter)

Past Glories:

A building survived the longest time among the building clusters on the Bund.

Overview of highlights:

2F Sun With Auua, Geneuine Japanese foods restaurant with water running through,

3F Tian Di, Cantonese foods restaurant with art deco style, with Braised Shark’s Fin with Rice and Chilled goose liver with saki as its featured products.

 

7) Telegraph Building

Add: 7 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History:

Completed in 1907, Becoming the Telegraph Building, where the General Telegraph Office sponsored by Mr. Sheng Xuanhuai was located with inland telegraphic lines erected from Shanghai to Tianjin, announcing the beginning of China-funded telegraphic service; 

In 1924, Returned to China Merchants Steam Navigation Company;

In 1950s, Used by Yangtze Ship Co.; 

In 1995, Used by Thailand Bangkok Bank.

Architecture Style: Style of Neoclassicism

Designer: Atkinson & Dallas Architect and Civil Engineer Ltd.

 

8) Merchants Steamship Bureau Building 

Add: 9 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1901, named as China Merchants S.N.Co.;

In 1950s, Used by China People’s Ship Company;

In 2001, Used by China Merchants Group Shanghai Office.

Architecture Style: Style of Neoclassicism

Designer: Atkinson & Dallas Architect and Civil Engineer Ltd.

Overview of highlights:

1F Shiatzy Chen, Taiwan-based world-class fashion and furnishing brands.

 

9) Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Co. Building

Add: 12 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1923, Becoming Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Co. Building, the largest financial institution in the Far East by the UK;

In 1955, Becoming Shanghai Municipal People’s Government Office Building

In 1997, Becoming Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Building.                             Architecture Style: Ancient Greek style of neo-classical school (or Style of Imitators of Classicism) 

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

Past Glories

Reputed as the finest building to be found anywhere between the Suez Canal and the Bering Strait. 

The most legendary, most extensive, widest and largest building among the building clusters on the Bund. 

Recognized as the best masterpiece of the Western Classicism architecture in modern China

Overview of Highlights:

Entrance, At the gate to the bank are a pair of bronze lions. The left one with his mouth open is called Stephen, the right one with closed mouth is called Stitt, named after the two managers of the bank offices both in Hongkong and in Shanghai.

Lobby Dome, Large fresco piece of mosaic, depicting the 12 zodiac signs, the representative buildings of the 8 cities where HSBC has established offices and 16 Greek-style characters.

Underground Lobby, Four seamless marble Orkney colonnades, it is said there are only 6 such colonnades in the world, the other two are in the Louvre.

 

More story about this Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Co. Building:

This bank was established in 1864 in Hongkong to finance the trade between China and western countries. Shanghai branch was set up in 1865. The first building for this bank was only a baroque-style 3-story building. 

 

The development of this bank was very rapid. To match its financial strench, a grand office building was set up on the Bund in 1923. This is the building we can enjoy now and this building became the landmark of the financial center in the Far East since the completion of it. 

 

This building is described as The Finest Building to be found anywhere between the Suez Canal and the Bering Strait. It is in the ancient Greek style of neo-classical school (or Style of Imitators of Classicism). Marked by horizontal lines, exterior walls are made up of huge stone blocks. The facades are decorated with arched gates and powerful Corinthian pillars.

 

At the gate to the bank are a pair of bronze lions. The one with his mouth open is called Stephen, the one with closed mouth is called Stitt, named after the two managers of the bank offices both in Hongkong and in Shanghai.

 

The 3 Romanesque copper arches, implying Wealth, Wisdom and Fortune, weighs 5 tons each. On the white marble tablet on the north wall of the wide porch inside the arches, you can find distinguished guests list who attended the inauguration of the building on 23 jun 1923.

 

Inside the gate is an 15m high octagonal hall supported by 8 light yellow marble columns. The ceiling of the hall is breathtaking frescos made of valuable Venetian mosaic by Italian artisans which covers an area of 200 s.m. The fresco consists of 33 paintings, describing the sun, the constellations, and the human world. 

 

The fresco in the middle of dome is from Greek mythology.

On the upper left corner is the God of Sun: Helios, also called Sol (Not the Apollo, in fact, Apollo is in charge of brightness, music and medicine.) who is driving two-horse chariot from west to east across the sky;

On the upper right corner is Goddess of Moon: Artemis (the twin sister of Helios, the same as Diana in Roman mythology) who is flying from east to west. They represent the cycle of day and night.

The lady with a basket full of cereals under Helios and Artemis is the Goddess of Cereals (or Goddess of Plenty): Ceres who represents harvest and rich life. So this fresco means wealth is the inevitable result of human s effort and accumulation.

 

The frescoes outside the middle fresco are 12 ecliptic constellations (the signs of zodiac) on the dark blue background: 

South: AQVARIVS; Southeast: PISCES & ARIES; East: TAVRVS; Northeast: GEMINI; North: CANCER & LEO; Northwest: VIRGO; West: LIBRA & SCORPIO; Southwest: SAGITTARIVS & CAPRICORNVS.

 

The most famous frescos are the Fresco Paintings of 8 Eight Principal Banking Centers of HSBC around the world, with the landmarks of the 8 great cities and the goddesses in the foreground. They are London, Paris, Calcutta, Bangkok, Hongkong, Shanghai, Tokyo, and New York. 

 

London

Central figure: Britannia with Trident and British Lion,

Left: arms of London,  

Right: symbolic figure of the Thames with model of ship, compass and ruler.  

Background: Thames, House of Parliament, St.Paul’s Catjhedral.                               Heraldry: England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales 

 

Paris 

Central figure: The Republic with tablet inscribed Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite. 

Left: Figure: Art with the Victory of Samothrace on prow boat.

Right: arms of Republic.

Background: a Seina and Notre-Dame 

Heraldry: Paris fleur-de-lis 

 

Calcutta

Central figure: Symbol of Mysticism with star of India on forehead.

Left: philosophy with scroll. 

Right: arms of the city. 

Background: River Ganges and Supreme Court. 

Heraldry: lotus flower, lion and egret.

 

Bangkok

Central figure: symbol of Fertility.

Left: hewers of timber. 

Right: agriculture and rice cultivation.

Background: temple at the Chao Phraya River, the mother of water. 

Heraldry: the Trairanga - national flag, old and new arms of Siam, royal navy flag.

 

Hongkong

Central figure: Girl with Union Jack

Left: history with date 1842. 

Right: symbol of Pearl River. 

Background: view of Hongkong and harbor.  

Heraldry: Chinese character of Hongkong.

 

Shanghai  

Central figure: goddess of sailing symbolic of foresight and sagacity with steering wheel. 

Left: symbol of the Yangtze River.  

Right: Shipping

Background: HSBC and Custom Office. 

Heraldry: Flag of merchant service, Chinese character of Shanghai, and the flag of British merchant flag. 

 

Tokyo

Central figure: Learning

Left: symbol of progress with national emblem on shield. 

Right: science with scroll and instruction. 

Background: enclosing wall of Imperial Palace, Court of Justice, Government Office, Mount Fuji in the distance. 

Heraldry: flag of merchant service, Japanese character of Tokyo, and the Imperial flag.

 

New York 

Central figure: Statue of Liberty. 

Left: Hermes, the promoter of social intercourse and commerce with symbols of winged hat and caduceus.

Right: arms of United States. 

Background: view of merchant service, arms of New York and American Eagle.

 

The 16 Sculptures of Greek heroes under the fresco painting imply the 16 virtues bankers should obtain (in Greek word): SCIENTIA, FORTITVDO, PROBITAS, HISTORIA, EXPERIENTIA, FIDES, SAPIENTIA, VERITAS, LABOR, IVSTITIA, SVBTILITAS, PHILOSOPHIA, AEQVITAS, TEMPERANTIA, ORDINATIO and PRVDENTIA. 

 

The main business hall of this building is as large as 1500s.m. and said to be the largest bank business hall in the world. The caisson lantern ceiling of this spacious lobby is supported by 44 square marble pillars and 10 white round Ionic marble pillars from Italy. 4 of them symmetrically standing on both side of the vault were carved out of whole piece of Italian marbles, each of them are 1 meter in diameter, 7.14 meters in length and about 7 ton in weight. It is said there are only 6 monolithic columns with a height over 7 meters and a diameter of over one meter in the world, two in Louvre Museum, and the other 4 in this building. Special ship was built to transport the 4 columns from Italy to Shanghai. The designer fully understood the value of them, and thus used them only for decoration. These lofty and slender Ionic columns not only manifest feminine beauty and rhythm but also bring forth a sense of gracefulness.

 

The decoration of the hall is also appealing in an implicit way. Chinese coin-shaped patterns, mostly common in Chinese culture as symbol of wealth, lie around the foot of the lantern ceiling. Below those coins, there carved a circuit of 100 swords, which is most breath-taking to the beholders. It derives from the anecdote of Damocles, one of the courtiers of the elder Dionysius of Syracuse. Dionysius is said to have invited him to a sumptuous banquet, at which he found himself seated under a naked sword suspended by a single hair. It demonstrates the precariousness and danger always present in the lives of powerful men. it seems to warn the bank of the hanging Sword of Damocles - the risks. We cannot help admiring the innovation and craftsmanship of this work of art for they vividly illustrate the relationship between profits and risks and therefore serve as a reminder to all bank clerks.  

 

This 1500 s.m. business hall which only served foreigners at that time. During HSBC time, the counter was arranged in a circular shape with a length of 90 meters with teak parquet floor inside and marble ground outside. SPDB has rearranged the counter, leaving more space for clients. 

 

The Chinese business hall is on the southwest corner, which are supported by 6 square marble pillars with their capitals featuring traditional Chinese architectural elements such as sparrow brace which was quite rare in Greek, Roman and European architecture. Besides, the patterns on the capitals and girders carry typically Chinese designs - Chinese symbols of good fortune. The columns reflects the craftsmanship of the designer, who mixed various architectural styles, including British modern style, Greek, Roman, Italian Renaissance and Baroque classical style with Chinese elements thus creating a unique Shanghai style.

 

The delicately designed scissor shaped marble staircase at the south side of the hall, along with the corridor on the mezzanine, serve to present a spacious view of hall. 

 

With the wide balcony (1300 s.m.), two floors within the dome (500 s.m.) and the adjunctive house (800 s. m.), the roof enjoys a broad space. The tower was once served as Royal Air Force Club and left behind many mosaic pictures of various aircrafts of the First World War. The pediment design of Greek fane style of the dome makes the whole building solemn and elegant.

 

Since its completion, this building was used by HSBS until 1955. From 1956 to 1995, this building is the city hall of Shanghai municipal government. Then from 1996, this building was used by the Pudong Development Bank. The HSBC now has its office tower in the promising Pudong area. 

 

10) Shanghai Customs House Building

Add: 13 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History

Completed in 1927 at the cost of 4.3 million taels of silver, used by Shanghai Customs till now, with its bell reporting time continually 90 years.

From 2003, the music, The East is Red, was used as the background music for time reporting. 

Architecture Style: Style of European Revivalism combining European classic and renaissance architectural features. With 4 huge Greek Doric columns propping up the gateway, the 11-storied building looks gorgeous and magnificent.

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

Past Glories:

Upon its completion, the big bell was ranked No.1 in Asia and No.3 in the world, just second to the Big Ben in English and the big bell of the Kremin. The clock, built at the cost of more than 5000 taels of silver, was made after the style of Big Ben on top of the British Parliament House. The face of the clock is 5.4 meters in diameter and its minute hand is 3.17 m long. One of the pendulum weighs 2000 kilograms. Since 1928, this big clock has been telling time dutifully. It strikes every quarter with a piece of music.

 

11) Bank of Communications Building

Add: hongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1948, Used by the Bank of Communication, which was established in 1908 by the ministry of postal service and transmission of the Qing Dynasty Government; 

In 1954, Used by Shanghai Federation of Trade Union.

Architecture Style: Style of Art Deco

Designer: T.Tarrant 

 

12) China Foreign Exchange Trade System, Shanghai Gold Exchange (originally Russo Asiatic Bank Building

Add: 15 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1902, Used by Russo Asiatic Bank, the first and the only China-foreign co-funded bank in contemporary China;

In 1928, Used by Central Bank of the Republic of China

Late 1980s, Used by Shanghai Aerospace Bureau

In 1991, Used by Shanghai Foreign Exchange Trade System.

Architecture Style: Style of Classicism

Designer: Becker & Baedeker

Past Glories:

The first large building made of natural stones, breaking through the idea that Shanghai is unsuitable for large building. No cracks have been found on the building since its use. 

 

13) China Merchant Bank Building (originally Bank of Taiwan Building)

Add: 16 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1926, Used by Bank of Taiwan;

In 1950s, Used by Shanghai Arts and Crafts Import and Export Co.;

In 1995, Used by China Merchant Bank

Architecture Style: Style of Classical Revival 

Designer: Lester, Johnson & Marriss

 

14) AIA Building (originally The North-China Daily News Building)

Add: 17 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History:

Completed in 1923, Used by The North-China Daily News, the earliest and the longest English newspaper founded in Shanghai by foreign merchants;

In 1928, Used by AIA Life till 1947;

In 1998, AIA returned and officially renamed as AIA Building. 

Architecture Style: Style of Neoclassicism

Designer: Lester, Johnson & Marriss

 

15) Bund 18 (originally Mackellar Bank Building)

Add: 18 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History

Completed in 1922, Used by Chartered Bank, the largest branch of the Chartered Bank in the Far East, the then manager of the bank was Mackellar;

In 1955, Renamed as Chunjiang Building;

In 2004, Reconstructed to a new fashion landmark in Shanghai, a gathering place of world -class flagship stores, restaurants and bars.

Architecture Style: Style of New Classicism

Designer:  Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time. 

Overview of Highlights

1F Nuhaus Cafe, Belgium royal chocolate brand founded in 1857, 

1F Cartier, French pearl and jewelry brand with more than 160 years’ history, 

1F Berko, A gallery exhibiting European classical paintings of the 19th century,                   6F Mr & Mrs Bund, Creative French restaurant,  

7F Bar Rouge, Modern bar with red as the main tone, the large open platform gives a panoramic view of Huangpu River. 

 

16) The Swatch Art Peace Hotel (originally Palace Hotel, the Palace on the Bund) 

Add: 19 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History:

Completed in 1907, Used by Palace Hotel

In 1911, Welcome Meeting of The Tongmenghui/the Chinese United League held here, on which Sun Yat-sen (the 1st president of the Republic of China, the founder of democratic China) gave an important speech; 

In 1965, Changed to Peace Hotel South Wing;

In 2010, The Swatch Art Peace Hotel, an exhibition place for famous watches, up-scale hotels and arts. 

Architecture Style: Style of New Renaissance

Designer: Morrison (Messrs, Scott & Carter)

 

17) Fairmont Peach Hotel (originally Sassoon Building)

Add: 20 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1929, Named as Sassoon Building, most of its floors were used by Cathay Hotel

In 1956, Peach Hotel-North Wing;

In 2010, Fairmont Peach Hotel, a joint venture between Shanghai Jinjiang International Hotels Group and Fairmont Hotels & Resorts, and returned to its past charms after 3 years renovation.

Architecture Style: Gothic style of the Chicago school, a steel frame structure with a green cone-shaped roof. 

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

Past Glories:

* The first building with over 10 storeys in Shanghai - 10 stories and partly in 13 stories in the east. The outer walls of the different stories were built of granite. But the ninth and the top floors were the well-paved bricks. Part of the roof on the eastern side is in a cone shape and covered with copper. This is the most striking feature. 

* It gained the glory of the “Number One Mansion in the Far East” 

* The first modernist architect in Shanghai’s contemporary architecture history.                    * At that time, Cathy Hotel was a symbol of the most luxurious society and accommodated mostly distinguished guests from all over the world.

* The impressive interior decor and suites are the most famous features of this hotel. The lobby areas are absolutely beautiful with exquisite woodwork and elaborate decorations. 

Overview of Highlights:

1F Peach Gallery, Special articles of Peace Hotel in its early times;

1F Victor’s, Petite Cafe for tasting delicious food and good sightviewing;

1F Jazz Bar, A 1930-established British bar, playing mainly those of their generation from the past by averagely over 70-year-old Shanghainess players on most nights. Former US presidents Mr.Carter and Mr.Reagan also enjoyed the performance here. 

8F Dragon Phoenix, Shanghai specialty restaurant full of oriental charms. 

* The 9 Nations Suites are decorated in the theme of different countries. The Chinese American, Indian and English suites have been preserved from the old hotel. While the French, German, Italian, Spanish and Japanese suites have been redesigned in keeping with their original concepts. 

10F The Sassoon Presidential Suite occupies the entire 10th floor penthouse where the hotel’s former owner once lived. 

 

18) Bank of China Building 

Add: 23 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1934, 

Used by Bank of China till now.

Architecture Style: Style of Art Deco with Chinese Elements 

DesignerMr. Lu Qianshou

Past Glories:

The only modern high-rise building with traditional Chinese decorations on the Bund.

The only work on the Bund by Chinese architect.

 

19) Industrial And Commercial Bank of China Building (originally Yokohama Specie Bank Building

Add: 24 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1924, Used by Yokohama Specie Bank, Ltd., the earliest Japan-funded bank in Shanghai, a special bank engaged on then foreign trades;

In 1950s, Used by Shanghai Testiles Bureau;

In 1990s, Used by ICBC.

Architecture Style: Style of Neoclassicism 

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

 

20) Agriculatural Bank of China Building (originally Yangtze Building)

Add: 26 Zhongshan (E1) Road 

History

Completed in 1920, Used by Yangtze Insurance Association, one of the earliest foreign-funded insurance companies in Shanghai. Therefore, it was also called Yangtze Building;                   In 1960s, Used by Shanghai Foods Import and Export Corporation; 

In 1995, Used by Agricultural Bank of China. 

Architecture Style: Style of Imitators of Classicism

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

 

21) The House of Roosevelt (originally Jardian Matheson & Co. Building)

Add: 27 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1922, Used by Jardian Matheson & Co., the earliest foreign-funded company in Shanghai and later the largest trust in Shanghai;

In 1955, Used by Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Foreign Trades;

In 2010, Rejuvenated by Roosevelt Family and reconstructed as Roosevelt.

Architecture Style: Style of Imitators of UK Revivalism

Designer: Moorhead & Halse

Overview of Highlights

9F Roosevelt Sky Bar, It is said it is with the biggest Wine Cellar in Asia. You can enjoy unobstructed astounding skyline views on both sides of Huangpu River which are bound to take your breath away, night and day.

 

22) Shanghai Media And Entertainment (Group) Co., Ltd Building (originally Glen Line Eastern Agencies Building)

Add: 28 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1922, HQ of Glen Line Eastern Agencies Ltd, one of the then largest ocean shipping agencies;

In 1950, Taken over by Shanghai People’s Broadcasting Station;

In 1996, Used by SVA. 

Architecture Style: Style of Recent Revivalism

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time.

Past Glories

Partial bionics design, rare among the buildings in Shanghai. 

 

23) China Ever Bright Bank Building (originally Banque de I’lndo-Chine Building

Add: 29 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 1914, Used by Banque de I’lndo-Chine, the only French bank not located in the then French Concession; 

In 1950s, Renamed as Oriental Tower and used by Traffic division of Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau;

In recent year, Used by China Ever Bright Bank.

Architecture Style: Style of Baroque Francais 

Designer:  Atkinson & Dallas Architect and Civil Engineer Ltd.

Past Glories:

Average floor height exceeds 7m, the highest among the buildings on the Bund.  

 

24) The Peninsula Shanghai (new luxurious hotel building) 

Add: 32 Zhongshan (E1) Road

History:

Completed in 2009 

 

25) Waitanyuan (means the Origin of the Bund) includes the former British Consulate & Rockbund Area

At the north end of the Bund, by the side of Suzhou Creek and surrounded by Huqiu Road, East Beijing Road, Zhongshan (E1) Road and South Suzhou Road (Suzhou Creek), there are 11 historical buildings in this Waitanyuan area (the Origin of the Bund), and having perfectly combined protective historical buildings and new modern architectures. It has become a leisure resort for luxury retails and high-en restaurants.

 

The most famous renovation project among the Origin of the Bund area is the Rockbund project. With the floor area of 16,900 s.m. and construction area of 115,000 s.m. the Rockbund is the block within Yuanmingyuan Raod, South Suzhou Road, Huqiu Road and East Bejing Road. The most famous business academy - China Baptist Publication & Christian Literature Society Building, the earliest and most expensive western theatre - Capitol Theatre Building are in this area.

 

Some buildings in this area:

Former British Consulate, completed in 1872, in the Style of Era of Queen Victoria of UK and designed by Grossman & Boyce. It was the first building to use cement in China; In 1966, Used by No.2 General Office of Shanghai Municipal People’s Government; In 2010, Become the High-end club - No.1 Waitanyuan.

 

Union Church

Add: 107 South Suzhou Road, originally completed in 1886 and reconstructed in 2010, in the Gothic style and designed by the British Architect Mr. W.M.Dowdall. 

 

Ampire & Co. Building

Completed in 1907, Embassy of Panama was also once in this building in 1945, the high-end restaurant MAISON DE L’HUI is on the 3rd and 4th floor.

 

Yuanmingyuan Apartments

Completed in around 1904, in the Style of Era of Queen Anne of UK,

 

Y.W.C.A. Building

Completed in 1933, and in modern western style with some traditional Chinese elements. It was used to be the site of China Young Women’s Christian Association. Now 1F Paris Rouge (cafe & restaurant), 6F Light & Salt (book store, gallary, bar & restaurant), 7F a Japanese restaurant and 8-9F La Societe, a high-end Cantonese restaurant.                  

 

Someke Building

Completed in 1927, in the style of eclecticism. 

Associate Mission Building completed in 1923, in the style of eclecticism. At that time, there are many catholic units in this building. In 6-7F, exists Otto eMezzo Bombana, a Michelin Star restaurant.

 

Lyceum Building

Completed in 1927, in the style of eclecticism, partly in neoclassicism. Now the famous Lyceum Cafe is on the 1st floor of this building. 

 

China Baptist Publication & Christian Literature Society Building

Built in 1930, was on of the masterpieces of L.E. Hudec, the most famous then architect who was a Hungarian. They are the copy of the skyscrapers in the United States in 1920s. 

 

Capitol Theatre Building

Opened in 1928, used to be the site of Capitol Theatre which was then one of the renowned theatres with well-equipped facilities. 

 

Royal Asiatic Society Building

Completed in 1932, in the style of delicate Art Deco, used by the North China Branch of Royal Asiatic Society which was founded in 1858. The first Shanghai Museum was once in this building in 1932 and also the cultural exchange institution which has the most Chinese specimen and cultural relic collections in the Far East. Now it is Rockbund Art Museum which is opened to the public as the only contemporary art museum on the Bund. You could enjoy a free coffee on presentation of the ticket of the day on the sixth floor.

 

26) Waibaidu Bridge (also called Garden Bridge during the colonial time)

It crosses the Suzhou Creek, near the junction of the Huangpu River and Suzhou Creek.

History

Completed in 20 Jan 1908.

In 1850s, there was no bridge across the Suzhou Creek and ferries were the only means of transportation. After the establishment of the British and American concessions on both sides of the creek, the ferries were not enough for people to cross the river. In 1856, a British businessman named Wells built a 120-meter-long wooden bridge with a width of 4.8 meters. The Wells Bridge was built for making money. But locals soon found that the toll was only charged for the Chinese and foreigners could cross the bridge free of charge. To protest the discrimination, the Chinese people demanded the ferries should be restored. 

 

Later on, a floating bridge was built several meters away from the Wells Bridge. It was free for all people, which gave the Wells a big blow in the business. Soon the Wells Bridge was sold at a discounted price. 

 

In 1906, the floating bridge and the Wells were disassembled to make way for a strong steel bridge. More than year later, the completion ceremony was held together with the celebration of the first trolley car open to traffic. Locals called the new bridge “Waibaidu Bridge”, meaning the outermost free bridge while foreigners preferred Garden Bridge since it was quite close to the Public Garden, now Huangpu Park. 

 

Now after thorough repair, the bridge is still part of the link of the important north-south traffic system. 

Architecture Style: The first steel bridge in Shanghai (all steel was imported from Britain.)

Past Glories:

The most famous bridge until 1990s in Shanghai. 

Overview of Highlights

Standing on the Waibaidu Bridge, one can easily enjoy the beautiful scenes, cruises on the river, and the high-rises on the opposite. It is one of the must attractions for all tourists in Shanghai.

 

27) Broad Way Mansions Hotel

Add:  20 North Suzhou Road

History:

Completed in 1934, Used by the hotel - style apartment, The Broadway Mansions named after its locagtion on the then Broadway Road; 

the then best viewing platform in Shanghai,  Premier Zhou Enlai (who has been the premier of China from 1949 to 1976) always accompanied important state guests to enjoy the fabulous view here. 

Architecture Style: Style of Art Deco

Designer: Palmer & Turner Architects and Surveyors, which was the best architectural designing firm in Shanghai at that time. 

Overview of Highlights:

5-Star hotel, commanding ever-lasting advantages in its unique geographical location on the Bund. 

Now the platform on top of the building is one of the best places for wedding banquet in Shanghai.

 

Huangpu River

The Huangpu River rises from Dianshan Lake on the border between Shanghai and Jiangsu Province and joins the Yangtze River at Wusong Estuary. The river is 114 kilometers long and 400 meters wide and 9 meters deep on average. It passes the middle of Shanghai and divided the city into to parts: Pudong means the east of Shanghai and Puxi, means the west of Shanghai. The west part is the Shanghai with a glorious past, while the Pudong New Area on the east is a land of a great future.

 

Huangpu River serves as the city’s shipping artery with a deep-water, all-season harbor. The river can accommodate vessels over 10,000 tons.

 

If one desires to have a thorough view along the Huangpu River, cruises may be the preferable choice. Cruises include day cruises and night cruises. Especially at night, the buildings on the Bund outlined with the artistic lights are like a giant crystal palace.

 

Now the area along the Huangpu River is the most impressive district in Shanghai. Standing on the promenade, one can see many majestic classical buildings with different architectural styles standing in a line on the Bund, such as the HSBC Building, the Customs House, etc. On the opposite of the river, one can see many high-rises in Lujiazui, Pudong New Area, such as the Oriental Pearl tower, Jin Mao Tower, SWFC, Shanghai Center etc. These skyscrapers are the best records of the development of Shanghai.