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Silk Road Tour

The Silk Road Tour

2018/7/18 18:21:0689 People viewed this article

The Silk Road or Silk Route was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia connecting the East and West and stretching from the Korea and Japan to the Mediterranean Sea. The Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk (and horses) carried out along its length, beginning during the Han Dynasty (207 BCE – 220 CE). It contributed to the development of many of the world's great civilizations. They represent one of the world’s preeminent long-distance communication networks stretching as the crow flies to around 7,500 km but extending to in excess of 35,000 km along specific routes. While some of these routes had been in use for millennia, by the 2nd century BC the volume of exchange had increased substantially, as had the long distance trade between east and west in high value goods, and the political, social and cultural impacts of these movements had far-reaching consequences upon all the societies that encountered them. The Chinese took great interest in the safety of their trade products and extended the Great Wall of China to ensure the protection of the trade route.

 

(Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang, Gansu Province)

 

In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang'an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site. This property is a 5,000 km section of the extensive Silk Roads network, stretching from Chang'an (current Xi'an city) / Luoyang (2 cities are in the central China now), the central capital of China in the Han and Tang Dynasties, to the Zhetysu region of Central Asia. It took shape between the 2nd century BC and 1st century AD and remained in use until the 16th century, linking multiple civilizations and facilitating far-reaching exchanges of activities in trade, religious beliefs, scientific knowledge, technological innovation, cultural practices and the arts. The thirty-three components included in the routes network include capital cities and palace complexes of various empires and Khan kingdoms, trading settlements, Buddhist cave temples, ancient paths, posthouses, passes, beacon towers, sections of The Great Wall, fortifications, tombs and religious buildings.  

 

Suggested Silk Road Tour Itineraries 

1) 5 Days Essence Silk Road Tour 

Day 1  Arrival in Urumchi

 

Day 2  Urumchi/Turpan/Urumchi by car (one way 190km / 2.5 hours) 

Pass the biggest Wind Power Base in Asia - Dabanchen Wind Power Plant and the Dead Sea in China - Salt Lake

Visit: Flaming Mountain, Suleiman Minaret (Also known as Sugong Tower or Emin Minaret), Karez Well, Grape Valley, Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin, Uighur Village

 

Day 3  Tour around Urumchi, Departure from Urumchi to Liuyuan (the railway station near Dunhuang) by overnight train 

 

In Urumchi, visit: Heavenly Pool (a lake on top of the Mt. Tianshan (Heavenly Mountain). Mt. Tianshan is inside the UNESCO World Heritage List.) (driving around 2.5 hours). Take boat to cruise in the lake. Then drive back to Ulumuchi. If time permit, you can also visit the Bazzar

 

At night, take the overnight train from Urumuchi to Liuyuan 

 

Day 4  Liuyuan-Dunhuang by car 

Taking car from the Liuyuan Railway Station to Dunhuang City (130km / 2.5 hours), Visit: Mogao Buddhist Grottoes (UNESCO World Heritage), Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill

 

Day 5  Dunhuang - Jiayuguan city by car (380km / 4.5 hours) 

Tour in the Jiayuguan Pass, the west terminal of the Great Wall.

Leave Jiayuguan city, say goodbye to Silk Road.

 

This itinerary offers the epitome of the Silk Road with some must-visit cities and places on the Silk Road inside China. It combines big cities such as Urumchi, the capital of Xinjiang Province, some valuable historical and ancient art sites, such as Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin and the world famous Mogao Buddhist Grottoes, and natural sceneries, such as the Heavenly Pool on top of the Heavenly Mountain, Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill. Tourists can also feel the local Uighur minority atmosphere at the Grape Valley and Uighur village.

 

2) 8 Days Silk Road Tour with Kashgar

Day 1  Arrive at Jiayuguan City. 

 

Day 2  Jiayuguan city-Dunhuang by train,

Visit the Jiayuguan Pass (the west terminal of the Great Wall) in Jiayuguan City,  

Take train from Jiayuguan city to Dunhuang. 

 

Day 3  Tour in Dunhuang. Liuyuan-Turpan by overnight train 

Visit: Mogao Grottoes (UNESCO World Heritage), Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill

Take car from the Dunhuang City to Liuyuan Railway Station (130km / 2.5 hours),  

Take overnight train from Liuyuan to Turpan

 

Day 4  Tour in Turpan. Turpan-Urumuchii by car 

Visit: Flaming Mountain, Suleiman Minaret (Also known as Sugong Tower or Emin Minaret), Karez Well, Grape Valley, Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin, Uighur Village.

 

Drive to Urumuchi (190km / 2.5h). On the way, pass the biggest Wind Power Base in Asia - Dabanchen Wind Power Plant and the Dead Sea in China - Salt Lake.

 

Day 5  Tour around Urumuchi, Urumuchi-Kashgar by air 

In Urumchi, visit: Heavenly Pool (a lake on top of the Mt. Tianshan (Heavenly Mountain). Mt. Tianshan is inside the UNESCO World Heritage List.) (driving around 2.5 hours). Take boat to cruise in the lake. Then drive back to Ulumuchii. If time permit, you will also visit the Bazzar

 

At early night, Flight from Urumuchi to Kashgar

 

Day 6  Tour in Kashgar

Visit: the oldest, biggest, most important Mosque in China - The Etigal Mosque (Id Kah Mosque), the biggest Bazaar in the middle Asia, Afaq Khoja Tomb, the Old Town of Kashgar.  

 

Day 7  Tour around Kashgar 

Visit: the famous plateau lake near Pakistan: Karakuli Lake. On the way, Pass the 7719m high Gongeer Peaks and 7546m high Mount Muztagata (with the name of “the Father of Glacier” ). 

(The distance between Kashgar and Kalakuli Lake is 180km, around 4 hours driving. It is the Sino- Pakistan Highway.) 

 

Day 8  Get to Kashgar Airport, Say goodbye to Silk Road 

 

This itinerary offers two important parts, also the main part of the Silk Road in China: From Jiayuguan Pass, the west end of The Great Wall, to Urumuchi, the capital of Xinjiang Province, and Kashgar, a small but famous ancient city full of local minorities atmosphere on the plateau near Pakistan. Tourists can visit some must-see cities and places on the Silk Road inside China. It combines big cities such as Urumchi, the capital of Xinjiang Province, some valuable historical and ancient art sites, such as Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin and the world famous Mogao Buddhist Grottoes, the Etigal Mosque (Id Kah Mosque), the Old Town of Kashgar, and natural sceneries, such as the Heavenly Pool on top of the Heavenly Mountain, Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill inside desert, Karakuli Lake on plateau. Tourists can also feel the local Uighur minority atmosphere at the Grape Valley, Uighur village and old city of kashgar.  

 

3) 14 Days Whole Chinese Silk Road Tour  

Day 1  Arrive at Xi’an, the east terminal of the Silk Road in China 

 

Day 2  Tour in Xi’an

Visit: Terra-cotta Warrior, Ancient Xi’an City Wall, Wild Goose Pagoda, Muslim Corner

 

Day 3  Xi’an-Tianshui by train

In Tianshui, Visit mysterious Maijishan Grottoes, built from 384 AD and The natural scenery of Maiji Mountain is the most beautiful among the famous resorts of grottoes in China. After the continuous chiseling and reconstruction of more than 10 dynasties, the grottoes became one of the large-scale grotto groups in China and the famous artistic spots in the world.

 

Day 4  Tianshui-Lanzhou (capital of Gansu Province) by train,

Train from Tianshui to Lanzhou,  

Visit: Gansu Province Museum to see and know more about Silk Road; and Yellow River Zhongshan Bridge, Whiter Pagoda Mountain (out view)

 

Day 5  One Day Tour to the Bingling Temple Grottoes, built from 1600 years ago, one of the Five Most Famous Grottoes in China, 

 

Day 6  Lanzhou-Zhangye by train

Train from Lanzhou to Zhangye,

In Zhangye, Visit: Dafo Temple (Big Buddha Temple, firstly built in 1098 AD, the landmark of Zhangye city), Seven Colors Danxia Landform Area (around 40 km / 50 minutes car from Zhangye city),   

 

Day 7  Zhangye-Jiayuguan city by train

Visit the Jiayuguan Pass (the west terminal of the Great Wall) in Jiayuguan City 

 

Day 8  Jiayuguan city-Dunhuang by train, 

Take train from Jiayuguan city to Dunhuang. 

 

Day 9  Tour in Dunhuang, Liuyuan-Turpan by overnight train 

Visit: Mogao Grottoes (UNESCO World Heritage), Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill

Take car from the Dunhuang City to Liuyuan Railway Station (130km / 2.5 hours), 

Take overnight train from Liuyuan to Turpan

 

Day 10  Tour in Turpan. Turpan-Urumuchii by car

Visit: Flaming Mountain, Suleiman Minaret (Also known as Sugong Tower or Emin Minaret), Karez Well, Grape Valley, Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin, Uighur Village

 

Drive to Urumuchi (190km / 2.5h). On the way, pass the biggest Wind Power Base in Asia - Dabanchen Wind Power Plant and the Dead Sea in China - Salt Lake.  

 

Day 11  Tour around Urumuchi, Urumuchi-Kashgar by air

In Urumchi, visit: Heavenly Pool (a lake on top of the Mt. Tianshan (Heavenly Mountain). Mt. Tianshan is inside the UNESCO World Heritage List.) (driving around 2.5 hours). Take boat to cruise in the lake. Then drive back to Ulumuchi. If time permit, you can also visit the Bazzar.
At early night, Flight from Urumuchi to Kashgar 

 

Day 12  Tour in Kashgar  

Visit: the oldest, biggest, most important Mosque in China - The Etigal Mosque (Id Kah Mosque), the biggest Bazaar in the middle Asia, Afaq Khoja Tomb, the Old Town of Kashgar

 

Day 13  Tour around Kashgar 

Visit: the famous plateau lake near Pakistan: Karakuli Lake. On the way, Pass the 7719m high Gongeer Peaks and 7546m high Mount Muztagata (with the name of “the Father of Glacier” ). 

(The distance between Kashgar and Kalakuli Lake is 180km, around 4 hours driving along the Sino- Pakistan Highway.)

 

Day 14  Get to Kashgar Airport, Say goodbye to Silk Road 

 

This itinerary offers the whole Silk Road Tour inside China. From Xi’an, the east terminal of the Silk Road in China, to Kashgar, a small but famous ancient city full of local minorities atmosphere on the plateau near Pakistan. Most historic sites on the Silk Road will be visited, such as Terra-cotta Warrior, Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an, Maijishan Grottoes in Tianshui, Bingling Temple Grottoes in Lanzhou, Jiayuguan Pass, the west end of The Great Wall, Ancient Jiaohe City Ruin, the world famous Mogao Buddhist Grottoes, the Etigal Mosque (Id Kah Mosque), the Old Town of Kashgar. Many stunning natural sceneries area are also included in this itinerary, such as Seven-Colors Danxia Landform in Zhangye, the Heavenly Pool on top of the Heavenly Mountain, Crescent Lake and Echo Sand Hill inside desert, Karakuli Lake on plateau. Tourists can also feel the local Uighur minority atmosphere at the Grape Valley, Uighur village and old city of kashgar. The Gansu Province Museum is a shinning pearl on the itinerary because it houses many precious culture relics related to the Silk Road. 

 

What is the best time to visit the Silk Road?

From April to October would be better. It is very cold in winter. But please be sure to also bring enough clothes, because the temperature varies greatly day and night in the Silk Road area.