• 线路组详细信息单
      线路名称: 6 Hours Jewish Tour in Shanghai
      天 数: 1天 
      往返交通: Car 
      最后更新: 2019/7/14 
      提前报名: 建议提前5天以上  
      ▲价格清单
      线路编号 原价: 成人价: 儿童价: 满意度 联系方式
      SHA-SHA07 ¥266起 ¥266起 ¥0起 95 % 021-53069239 
      ▲线路简介

      Why we suggest this tour itinerary?

      This tour will take you to various sites of significance on the historical trail through Shanghais Jewish history, such as the old Ohel Rachel Synagogue (the largest synagogue in the Far East), the old Designated Area for Stateless Refugees of Shanghai, Moller Villa, Ruijin Hotel (originally Morriss Garden), Cathy Hotel, and Learn about Shanghais extraordinary Jewish heritage and experience. Led by a knowledgeable guide residing in Shanghai, the tour is a mesmerizing journey into an amazing sweet and sour world where opium dealers, old world colonialists, real estate moguls, hard working poor Chinese migrants and Jewish holocaust survivors all mix.

       

      Jews played a significant role in Shanghais development from the middle of the 19th century to 1949. Many wealthy and successful entrepreneurs such as Sasson, Moller, Marcus, Hardoon and Kadoories lived in the city and ran thriving businesses.

       

      There are 3 waves of Jewish immigration to Shanghai - The second half of the 19th Century, a number of Russian Jews fled to Shanghai after the Russian Revolution. and the last wave when hundreds of thousands of Jews arrived in Shanghai is during the late 1930s. With the door closing on the Jews of Europe, places of refuge were desperately sought to escape the clutches of the Nazi enemy. Not like any other big cities in the world, Shanghai is the only city with no visa requirements to settle here. One could be stateless and on the run and could conceivably find refuge when they arrived. As a result, from 1933 to 1941, Shanghai accepted over 30,000 Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust in Europe. In the “Designated Area for Stateless Refugees” of Shanghai, about 20,000 Jewish refugees lived harmoniously with local citizens, overcoming numerous difficulties together. During this period, they became the most numerous foreign community in Shanghai. By the time the Second World War ended in 1945, most of the Jewish refugees had survived.

       

      Join this tour for an interactive look at Jewish culture and history in Shanghai. Listen as your guide shares intimate knowledge of these places and weave your way through the winding streets of the historical enclave.

       

      Main Tourist Attractions in the Itinerary:

      Ruijin Hotel (originally Morriss Garden), Moller Villa Hotel (out view), The Ohel Rachel Synagogue (the largest synagogue in the Far East) (out view), Peace Hotel (old Cathy Hotel or Sassoon Building), the Bund,

       

      The old Designated Area for Stateless Refugees of Shanghai including the Jewish Refugees Museum (Ohel Moishe Synagogue), the monument to the Jewish refugees of WWII in Huoshan Park, some more sites related to Jewish refugees and some old compounds where Jewish refugees once stayed during that period within this area.

      ▲行程按排
      日期 行程 用餐 住宿
      D1 Your guide will pick up every tourist at their address and become a group to set out to explore the historical highlights of the Jewish history in Shanghai.

       

      Our tour will began with the visit to Ruijin Hotel (originally Morriss Garden),

          

      It is a very large compound with 4 giant British, French and Spanish villas and spacious British style garden lawn. You can find the Mansard roof, French windows, and eclectic interior, which uses a fleur de lis motif in many of the architectural details. The combination of architectural beauty and historical interest makes the Ruijin Hotel a unique treasure of contemporary Shanghai. Now The hotel grounds also houses a number of high end restaurants.

       

      The No.1 Villa in it was completed in 1917 with a construction area of 1135 s.m. and was owned by Benjamin Morriss.

       

      John Morriss, the father of Benjamin Morriss, took ship to Shanghai from Ireland in1867 at his 17 years old. He is one of the earliest western adventurers in Shanghai, as famous as Hardoon and Sassoon. He made a fortune by betting on racehorse. He was a real estate developer and the owner of French Yiyuan Dogtrack (Le Champ de Courses Francais). He was also the owner of the first and most influential English newspaper in China - the North China Daily News. The real estates developed by him can be found many places in the central Shanghai at tht time. His son, Benjamin Morriss, was educated in Britain, was an excellent architect and engineer. He developed his familys business in Shanghai very much. Some history record says if no Benjamin Morriss, the  Shikumen (Stone gate house) would not be developed to such a high level in the colonial period in Shanghai. Shikumen is the typical Shanghai style residence house building combined with the features of western townhouse and Chinese courtyard. In 1905, he designed the first New Style Shikumen Lane in Shanghai - Lane 188 Chongqing Road.

       

      The 2nd charming antique building you will visit is Moller Villa Hotel (out view),

          

      Of Shanghais numerous colonial-era mansions, the Moller Villa on the edge of the French Concession is unique for its fantasy of brown-tiled Gothic and Tudor steeples, gables, and spires. It was built by a Jewish shipping magnate from Sweden, Eric Moller, in 1936.

       

      The Moller family business was shipping and shipbuilding, and in Shanghai included shipping lines, insurance, real estate and investment. In 1913, Eric Moller took over his family business and prospered. They had a steamboat which ran between Shanghai and Zhenjiang in Jiangsu Province. In the mid-1920s, Moller decided to construct a house for his family of six children and a menagerie of dogs and cats.

       

      Afterwards, drive to north to Shanxi North Road (old name: Seymour Road) to admire the out view of The Ohel Rachel Synagogue (the largest synagogue in the Far East) – this majestic building is not open to the public because now it is part of the Shanghai Education Commission compound, (and used only occasionally by the Jewish community). So now tourists can only view it from outside.  

          

      The Ohel Rachel Synagogue (Hebrew for "Tent of Rachel") is a Sephardi synagogue in Shanghai. It marked the culminating achievement of Shanghais First Wave of Jewish immigrants. It was built by the Sassoon’s family to accommodate the community of Baghdadi Jews (which at its peak numbered 700), completed in March 1920, and was consecrated by Rabbi W. Hirsch for worship on January 23, 1921. Ohel Rachel was the first of seven synagogues built in Shanghai, the largest synagogue in the Far East, and only one of two still standing Today (The other, the Ohel Moishe Synagogue located in Hong Kou district, hosts a museum dedicated to the history of the Jewish experience in Shanghai. You will visit it this afternoon.) At that time, it was the religious center of Shanghai Sephardic Jewish life.

       

      This building is in the Greek Revival style. It seems unusual - most synagogues took their cues from Middle Eastern tradition - but Sassoon wanted to commemorate the history of the Sephardic Jews, and the architectural inspiration came from Londons Bevis Marks Synagogue (1701), the temple built by Spanish Jews, and the 1890s Spanish and Portuguese synagogue with an imposing domed roof, also in London.

       

      This imposing building held up to 700 people in its cavernous sanctuary. Marble pillars flanked a walk-in ark (which once held 30 Torah scrolls) and wide balconies overlooked the sanctuary. The site hosted the Shanghai Jewish School (the 1932 building still stands on the left of the courtyard), a playground, library and mikveh.

       

      Repurposed first under the Japanese occupation during World War II and again following the Communist conquest of Shanghai in 1949, the synagogue has been a protected architectural landmark of the city since 1994. It was reopened for some Jewish holidays from 1999 and briefly held more regular Shabbat services as part of the 2010 Shanghai Expo.

       

      Sir Jacob Elias Sassoon - a Sephardic Baghdadi Jew - endowed the Synagogue in loving memory of his wife Lady Rachel. When Sir Jacob died a few months prior to the Synagogues completion, the Jewish community decided to dedicate it to both Sir Jacob and his wife. Sir Jacob had also endowed Hong Kongs Ohel Leah Synagogue, dedicated to his mother, consecrated in 1900.

       

      Today and for the future, the Ohel Rachel Synagogue remains the most significant symbol of the crucial Jewish role in Shanghais history.

       

      This architecture is the only one building in the World Memorial Architecture List in Shanghai. There are totally 19 architectures in this list in China. During President Clintons state visit to China in 1998, his wife Hillary and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright visited the synagogue. It is because Hillary’s father once studied in this Synagogue 

       

      The next stop for us to visit is the Fairmont Peace Hotel (the former Cathay Hotel) at the east end of the famous Nanjing Road and by the side of Shanghais famous Bund riverfront.

             

      This Art Deco masterpiece was built by Jewish financier Sir Victor Sassoon, the grandson of Baghdads Jewish community leader. Sassoons family dominated business, finance, and real estate in early 20th century Shanghai.

       

      When the Peace Hotel was built in 1929, Sasson wanted to create "the most beautiful hotel east of Suez, and the most modern". When built the Peace Hotel was known as the Cathay Hotel.

       

      Prior to 1949, the Cathay hotel was considered the height of opulence, illustrating the economic prestige that had come to define Shanghai as the "Paris of the East". The hotel gained world-wide fame, attracting internationally renowned guests including actors, political figures, and playwrights.

       

      After that, you will get to what was once the Jewish Quarter of Shanghai, or called the Shanghai Ghetto in Hongkou district during the 2nd World War (Official name: Designated Area for Stateless Refugees of Shanghai). This Area is with 40 blocks along with 100,000 Chinese residents in the northeast of Shanghai Concession area.   

       The Map of Shanghai during the 2nd World War

       

      Here you will visit various places including the Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum (In the site the old Ohel Moshe Synagogue),

           

       

      enjoy a cup of coffee at White Horse Inn which was one of the most famous Cafe during that period.

          

       

      You will also walk on Zhoushan Road (called Little Vienna at that time),

        

      pass the Former Residence of Michael Blumenthal who was once the US Treasury Secretary, the Former Site of Jewish Refugee Shelter, the Former Site of the Far East Conference of the International Anti-War League, the Former Office of American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) and walk into the back lanes of some old compounds in this district where Jewish refugees once stayed during that period.

          

       

      This amazing tour will be completed at the Huoshan Park to absorb the verdant beauty and enjoy a moment of reflection at the Monument that Memorializes Jewish Immigrants. As one of Shanghais tiny local gems, this park is filled with kids playing and running, grandmas and grandpas showing off their birds during the day. Over the course of the tour, your guide will tell you the cultural and commercial contribution of the Russian Jewish immigration at the turn of the century and the Jewish experience in Shanghai under the Japanese occupation during WWII. This is not just a superficial glance at the highlights of Jewish life in Shanghai. It is a mini-course led by an expert guide with encyclopedic knowledge and intense passion that brings to life a vanished world and attracts visitors from every continent.   

         

       

      Some Info about Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum (In the site the old Ohel Moshe Synagogue):

       

      The Ohel Moshe congregation was established by Russian Jewish immigrants in Shanghai in 1907. This Ashkenazi congregation was named after Moshe Greenberg, a member of the Russian Jewish community, and was first established in a rented space (not the current place). As the congregation grew to 250 families by the 1920s, Rabbi Meir Ashkenazi, Chief Rabbi of Shanghai, supported the creation of a new space for the congregation. In 1927, the current structure was created by remodeling an existing three-story building in the Hongkou District, removing the second floor and adding a mezzanine.

        

      The Entrance of Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum

      In 2007, the Government of Hongkou District restored the synagogue to its original architectural style based on the original drawings in the municipal archives, and opened it as a museum commemorating the Jewish refugees. Some of the residential buildings from the ghetto period still stand around the former synagogue, though most have been demolished. The museum itself, and the remaining historic structures, are preserved as part of the Tilanqiao Historic Area.

       

      More about Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Jewish_Refugees_Museum

       

      More about Designated Area for Stateless Refugees of Shanghai at Wikipeida:
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_settlement_in_the_Japanese_Empire

       

      The Map of Shanghai Ark

      No  No 
      ▲费用包含
       Price:  per person in CNY (Chinese Yuan)

      1 P

      2 P

      3 P

      4 P

      5 P

      1500

      794

      566

      450

      410

      6 P

      7 P

      8 P

      9 P

      10 P

      380 

      340

      310

      285

      266

       

      ▲费用不包含

      Price includes:

      1. One day private car with parking fee.
      2. One day private English speaking guide.
      3. Entrance ticket to the attractions as listed in the itinerary.

      4. Tour accident insurance. 

       

      Price excludes:

      Lunch (Please ask the guide to take the lunch with you.)
       

      * Tips is highly appreciated but not requested.
       

      Please Note:  

      1. Child under the age of 12 may have discount. 

      2. This tour package can be fully customizable to fit your travel plan. 

      3. The tour itinerary described above may change or cancel because of force majeure. If because of force majeure or any conditions and/or situation which are not under the control of Shanghai Elite Tours happens (such as the problem of airlines, train, ship, public bus and any other public traffic means, the sudden change of weather, temporary road problem…) and/or accidental situation such as tourists will endanger the personal safety and property safety problem, and/or any other accidental situation which are unforeseen, unavoidable and insurmountable by Shanghai Elite Tours, this tour can not be accomplished as scheduled, Shanghai Elite Tours will not bear the responsibility.

      4. The sequence of the activities in the itinerary maybe will be changed according to the situation.

      5. In principle, the working hour of the driver and guide (include meal time) is not over 10 hours. (except the service time in the itinerary is listed to be over 10 hours).  

      The car can only be used according to the itinerary listed in the itinerary.

      6. Tourists must bring their passport (for foreign tourist) or Chinese ID card (for local Chinese) in the tour.

      7. Tourists should pay attention to the safety during the tour and the during the time when tourists arrange the activities themselves (such as during the meal time, shopping time, rest time, go to toilet and taking bath at hotel and so on…).

      8. Shanghai Elite Tours is NOT a medical institution, and can only provide the tour and/or trip and/or conference service (if any). Every tourist should also know the health situation of them own, and tourists should guarantee their health condition can meet the needs of this tour. 

      9. Guide and/or driver represent Shanghai Elite Tours only when the guide and/or driver serve tourists according to the Itinerary. If tourist asks guide and/or driver to add more service item and this kind of item does not been approved by Travel Service Company in written form, Travel Service Company will not take any responsibility to the added item.

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